Written by:

Michael Schwalbe

Sdr. Kirkevej 17 C,

Vester Vedsted,

6760 Ribe


Tlf.: 75 44 64 11


Mobilnr.: 24 23 52 04 / 20 27 64 11





Michael Schwalbe


Car rental


I booked the car ( Fiat 131) from Denmark via Budget Pitzner. It was definitely the most inexpensive of the car rental agencies ( AVIS, Herts, Eurocar etc.). Remember to check the car thoroughly before leaving the agency (it would be a bad experience if  you had to pay for damages made by other people!). Remember you have to be 21 years old to be allowed to drive a car in Turkey. The Budget Pitzner agency office is situated inside the domestic terminal. The domestic terminal is situated  next to the international terminal so you have to walk about 300 meters to get to the BP agency. The total cost for 3 weeks was app. $750 including insurances and free mileage. The gas was quite expensive ( 1 dollar pr. L). I drove about 6000 km. and I had no problems at all with the car during the trip.




I highly recommend to exchange cash (USD, DM) until you get to Turkey as you get more Lira than you will get in your home country. I had no problems in Turkey finding cash machines that accept VISA card, all bigger towns have them. I even used my VISA card when I paid at the car agency, but it would be wise to bring cash with you.



East of Lake Van you will see military everywhere and there are several check points along the roads. In fact there is a chekpoint somewhere every time you hit af new road or in the vicinity of a junction!. The military did not seem to mind that I was carrying camera and tele-lenses, telescope, and binoculars.



I got fined twice on the trip. Especially On the south-coast there is a lot of police. I got a fine (23$) here for passing a car where I should not have done it. But for some reason they changed their minds and gave me back half of the fine, apparently because they liked my positive attitude!!! Later on I got fined again for driving too fast. But this time I had to pay it all (23$). There is lots of police so I highly recommend not to drive too fast! But in general the police is very kind and helpful.




Beaman, Mark & Steve Madge: The Handbook of Bird Identification for Europe and the Western Palearctic (translated to Danish by Klaus Malling Olsen) (the Handbook)


Gosney, Dave: Finding birds in Turkey (Ankara to Birecik & Eastern Turkey) (the gen)

Green, Ian & Nigel Moorhouse: A Birdwatcher’s Guide to Turkey (A Birdwatcher’s Guide to Turkey)

Hellström, Magnus: Sodra Turkiet 2-8/5 1998 (trip report in Swedish) (Hellström 1998)


Andreas Bruun. Kristensen: Birdwatching in Turkey, June 5-20, 1999 (trip report in English)


Turkey, May 18-31 1993 (trip report in English) (McDowell 1993)

Comments on literature:

The gen proved to be excellent with hand drawn maps leading you to the best birds in Turkey. Even though it only covers relatively few localities it was by far the most important source of information to get the best birds. Buy it.

A Birdwatcher’s Guide to Turkey has a lot of information about birding in Turkey with many localities. The introduction includes a lot of useful information about birding in Turkey. Perhaps the descriptions of the localities are not quite exact enough to get the best birds but it is useful anyway. In the back of the book there is a checklist of all the birds that have been known to occur in Turkey. Buy it.

Hellström 1998 is excellent with detailed information about especially the Birecik area. It also includes useful information about accommodation in Akseki, Tasucu, and Birecik. Find it on the Swedish Club300 web-page (

McDowell 1993 covers two weeks of exhaustive birding in Western, Central, and Eastern Turkey. I guess they have been driving at least 7000km and seen almost all the Turkish specialties in only two weeks. Unfortunately it does not give any site descriptions only comments like "the "gen" is not very accurate; it would be advisable to get more specific gen before going". The trip report does not tell what the gen is but I assume it is A Birdwatcher’s Guide to Turkey. Find it on Urs Geiser’s web-page (


Andreas Bruun. Kristensen : A very usefull and detailed report with exellent information on how to find the best birds and with comments on the sites in the  gen (if no longer correct).



All the localities are mentioned in the gen and A Birdwatcher’s Guide To Turkey . Therefore if the booklets are correct I will not mention how to get to the site since you should buy the booklets anyway.




May 9:   Antalaya – Akseki

May 10: Akseki

May 11: Akseki – Antalaya – Goksu delta

May 12: Goksu delta

May 13: Goksu delta - Demirkazik

May 14: Demirkazik - Tuzla

May 15: Tuzla – Isikli/Durnalik

May 16: Durnalik – Berecik

May 17: Berecik

May 18: Berecik

May 19: Berecik – Halfeti – Berecik

May 20: Berecik – cisre –  Bitlis

May 21: Bitlis – Nemrut daĝi – South Van marshes

May 22: Ercek – Benimahi marshes

May 23: Bendimahi marshes – Selale waterfall – Isak Paşa

May 24: Isak Paşa – Bulanik

May 25: Bulanik - Gelinkaya

May 26: Gelinkaya – Sivrikaya

May 27: Sivrikaya – trabson – Sivas

May 28: Sivas – Sultan Marshes

May 29: Sultan Marshes – Akseki

May 30: Akseki – Antalaya


At each site I will only mention the birds of most interest.

May 9:( sunny 300C but cool and cloudy in the mountains)


I arrived at Antalya airport at 1140 and found my self in a pretty bad situation: my backpack had disappeared, it was not on the plain and no one was able to detect it anywhere in the world!!! I was told that if I was lucky I could  come and get my backpack in 4 maybe 5 days. I simply couldn’t belive it! Months of preparation… . I panicked. After a couple of hours I got a grip. After all I had my binoculars, Leica telescope, Dictaphone and camera equipment in my handbag (8 kiloes!) but the tripod and maps/travel plans etc. were in the backpack. I was very well prepared so I new exactly where to find the birds on each locality. I bought a new map got the car at the  car rental agency and headed for the first destination. It took app. three hours to reach Akseki. I slept  in the car outside the Walled Plantation (no sleepingbag ® very cold!).





May 10 (250C and sunny no wind):


I awoke at 04:45 am and was ready for Olive-Tree Warbler at 05:00 at Akseki graveyard.

Birds seen 05:00 – 07:00:


Cuckoo 1, Syrian Woodpecker 1, Olive-tree Warbler 5+, Long-tailed Tit 2ad. + 6juv., Sombre Tit 1, Masked Shrike 1M+1F, Jay 2.


I had excellent sightings of  Olive-tree Warbler in the graveyard. It is apparently  a very aggressive and territorial species. A couple of times I saw  a bird chase the male Masked Shrike! I found out that the Masked Shrike is an eminent imitator. I was fooled twice. The composition is almost identical to Olive-tree warbler but it is slightly weaker and more clean compared to the deep and rough Great Reed Warbler like song of the Olive-tree warbler. When these imitations took place the Olive-tree Warbler flew up right next to Masked shrike in top of an Olive-tree and began singing very loudly towards the shrike – a fantastic scenario!


Note: Olive-tree Warbler has a very late arrival date in Turkey (first week of May). Keep that in mind when planning the route if you go for Olive-tree Warbler.


The Walled Plantation 7.05 – 8.30


A walk along the walls produced :

Tawny Owl 1, Scops Owl 1, Cuckoo 2, Bee-eater 8, Roller 2, Hoopoe 1, Middle- spotted Woodpecker 1 pair at nest, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker 1 pair at nest. Eastern Olivaceous Warbler 1, Eastern Bonelli’s Warbler 2, Semi-collared Flycatcher 1M + 1F (surprise!), Pied Flycatcher 1F, Spotted Flycatcher 1, Long-tailed Tit 2, Nuthatch 4, Oriole 10.


Along the gravel-road witch lead you into the Walled Plantation the surrounding terrain is rocky and with lots of bushes and scrub. This is a very fine place for locating Rüppell’s Warbler. I had them singing at close range and also had a nest-building male.


Birds seen along this gravel-road  from The Walled Plantation and app. 2 km ahead 8.30-12.30:     


Kestrel 1♂, Lesser Kestrel 1 2nd cal. ♂, Quail 1, Wood Sandpiper 1, Turtledove 12-15, Alpine Swift 2, Bee-eater 16, Roller 6, Syrian Woodpecker 1 drum., Wood Lark 7, Eastern Black-eared Wheatear common (1 of the pale-throated form), Blue Rock Thrush 1♂, Olive-tree Warbler 2, Sardinian Warbler 1♂, Rüppell’s Warbler 20-22♂♂ + 4-5♀♀, Lesser Whitethroat 8-10, Eastern  Bonelli’s Warbler 1, Willow Warbler 3, Long-tailed Tit 1 fam. grp.,  Sombre Tit app. 10, Rock Nuthatch 5, Red-backed Shrike 2♂ + 1♀,  Lesser Grey Shrike 2, Cretzschmar’s Bunting 12-15, Black-headed bunting app. 10, Corn Bunting fairly common.



I was very surprised to find so big numbers of Rüppel’s Warbler!



7.9 km. North of Akseki 1400-1700:


Grey-headed Woodpecker 1 heard, White-backed Woodpecker 1 heard + seen, Great Spotted Woodpecker 1, Syrian Woodpecker 1, Krüper’s Nuthatch 12, Raven 1, Serin fairly common.


I found the White-backed Woodpecker  in the first clearing as mentioned in the gen. The Grey-headed Woodpecker was a surprise despite several climes in resent years.


I had lunch at the Toros restaurant just opposite the road that leads into The Walled Plantation. They were indeed very friendly and helpful. I explained that I had lost my backpack in Antalya airport and asked if they would call the airport and ask if my backpack had turned up (my travel guide at SPIES was completely useless so I thought it would be better to use the locals). Unfortunately there was no sign of the backpack. I had to call again tomorrow. I had dinner and booked a room  at The Star Hotel in Akseki. Here I met Magnus Robb a Scottish birder from Holland. He was making sound recordings of various Turkish birds as part of a big WP project. I met him again later on and it was really a pleasure birding with him.




May 11: (rain →sun with a few clouds app. 18-200C)


After a good night sleep I awoke at 8.00. It had stopped raining so I had a walk in the graveyard and The Walled Plantation, it produced pretty much the same birds as the day before. The owner of the Toros restaurant called the airport again and bingo! My backpack had just arrived from The Canary Islands! I drove back to Antalya picked up my backpack and drove along the coast directly to Akgöl, Goksu delta, Tasucu where I arrived at 22.00. I was only 36 hours behind the planned schedule. It was a very tough drive on very winding roads!


* Note:


according to A Birdwatcher’s Guide To Turkey it is possible to cross the old airstrip along the coast next to the holiday village and get to site 3 in the gen. This is no longer possible as the airstrip has been blocked. When you get to the airstrip from the North, you take the first left hand which leads you into the holiday village. Then keep right (South East) and try to get past the airstrip through the city(it can be very difficult when it is dark!). I slept in the car just outside the nature reserve (lots of barking dogs).


Tekesi, 98 km West of Tasucu:


Shag 15ad. + 4 imm., Alpine Swift 45





May 12:


Akgöl, site 3, 4, 5 in the gen 5.30-12.00 + 17.30-20.30:




Great Crested Grebe fairly common, Little Bittern 6, Night Heron app. 10, Squacco Heron 250+ flying to roost, Little Egret 125+ flying to roost, Grey Heron 1, Purple Heron 35-40 flying to roost, Black Stork 1, White Stork 12, Glossy Ibis app. 75 flying to roost, Spoonbill 26, Eurasian Flamingo 80, Mute Swan 1, Greylag Goose 3, Ruddy Shelduck (when a distant explosion went off app. 100-200 birds were heard calling from inside the reedbed around lake Akgöl but I only saw 11), Garganey 5♂♂ + 1♀, Shoveler 18, Pintail 2♂♂, Marbled Duck 7, Ferruginous Duck 6-8, Short-toed Eagle 1, Marsh Harrier 10, Peregrine 1-2 2nd cal., Black Frankolin 5 ♂♂ (4 seen), Baillon’s Crake 1(site 5), Grey-headed Gallinule 25+, Black-winged Stilt 3, Avocet 2, Red-winged Pratincole 1, Spur-Winged Plover 21, Little Stint 3, Ruff 4, Curlew 1, Wood Sandpiper 2, Yellow-legged Gull app. 200, Sandwich tern 2, Little Tern app. 50, Common Tern app. 30, Whiskered Tern app. 10, White-winged Black Tern app. 50, Turtledove 8, Red-rumped Swallow 1, Calandra Lark common(site 5), Short-toed Lark  fairly common(site 5), Black-headed Wagtail 10, Yellow-vented Bulbul 2, Rufous Bush Chat 4, Great Reed Warbler 8-10, Caspian Reed Warbler common, Moustached Warbler 1, Savis’s Warbler 2, River Warbler 1, Eastern Bonelli’s Warbler 1, Black Cap 6, Graceful Warbler common, Red-backed Shrike 3♂♂ + 1♀, Woodchat Shrike 1♂, Lesser Grey Shrike 1, Bearded Tit 1♂ + 1 heard, Spotted Flycatcher 1.


This lake is a must. The hole area is teeming with birds. Thousands of Sand Martins, House Martins, Barn Swallows and Swifts foraging over the lake and reeds. The Black Francolins were seen very well (05.30-1200) singing from top of low bushes at site 4 as they were supposed to do according to the gen. Place yourself on top of a sand dune (site 3 or 4) app. 1 hour before sunset and you will see all the Egrets, Herons, Ibises, Spoonbills and terns etc. go to roost. 


Tasucu Graveyard 13.00-1330:


Steppe Buzzard (vulpinus) 1, Peregrine 1 2nd cal., Alpine Swift 2, Red-rumped Swallow 1, Eastern Olivaceous Warbler 10+.


In the end I was chased away by some angry women. They were apparently insulted because I was birding in the graveyard.


Site 8 & 10 in the gen:


Oystercatcher 3, Little Ringed Plover 2, Ringed Plover 3, Kentish Plover app. 25 + 1 pull., Greater Sand Plover 1♀,  Grey Plover 2, Sanderling 70, Little Stint 19,        


Magnus Robb had Audouin’s gull at site 10 a couple of days later. I checked the harbour in Tasucu but there was only very few gulls (no Audouin’s Gull this time. I saw one in 1991). The Greater Sand Plover was seen between site 8 and 10 along the stream which run along the sandy coast.


Accommodation:  Hotel Fathi in Tasucu (south side of the main road) is highly recommendable, it is cheap and there is hot water and a fan. See directions in Hellström 1998.




May 13: (Cloudy, 10m/s S, 200C)


Paradeniz Gölu (site 7 in the gen) 06:00-09:00


Lesser Egret 3, European Flamingo 40, Ruddy Shelduck 10, Marsh Harrier 6, Oystercatcher 1, Kentish Plover 14, Grey Plover 6, Spur-winged Plover 3, Little Stint 175, Dunlin 9, Broad-billed Sandpiper 1, Curlew 2, Turnstone 3, Greenshank 1, Redshank 1, Little Gull 2 2nd cal., Common Tern app. 100, Black-headed Gull 3, Slender-billed Gull 21, Little Tern app.25, Short-toed Lark common, Bee-eater 1, Spanish Sparrow 30.


The last important bird I needed was White-breasted Kingfisher so I decided to try the locality mentioned in Hellström 1993.




Göksu river 4km West of Silifke 0930-11:00


Lesser Egret 3, Little Bittern 2, White-breasted Kingfisher 1, Yellow-vented Bulbul 4, Graceful Warbler common, Cetti’s Warbler 5, Nightingale 1, Eastern Olivaceous Warbler 1, Jay 1, Raven 1.


I only heard the White-breasted Kingfisher call from inside the eucalyptus along the river. Another option is to go for a walk (Westwards) along the river from the bridge near the roundabout in Silifke. In 1991 I saw a perched bird app. 300 m down the river. It might be much more productive to search the river along the Tarsus river or the Seyhan river anyway.


I decided to drive directly to Demirkazik, Aladag mountains. Take the motorway, it is cheap(2$) and there is no traffic. I arrived at Demirkazik at 15:00 hours. It was windy but sunny.   I drove directly to Demirkazik gorge (site 2 in the gen) which is situated app. 300-500m  further down the road past Demirkazik ski centre. I got out of the car, slammed the door and flushed a Wallcreeper! I went 50m into the gorge and on the walls to the right I saw 3 Wallcreepers foraging in the shadowy parts. One of the birds was heard singing several times. They were all catching big black beetles in small creeks (funny to see and hear when the beetles were slammed against the wall!). Some Turkish soldiers practised repelling in the gorge and an officer  came to see what I was doing. He said “You are of course  not a spy are you?”. I told him I was a birdwatcher and that I should try not to look while they were repelling. He was friendly and kept talking. I had problems concentrating on what he was talking about because the 3 Wallcreepers was  just behind his back on the wall, but I would not insult a Turkish officer!


Birds in the entrance to the gorge 15:00-16:00


Cliff Swallow 1, Snow Finch 4, Wallcreeper 3, Alpine Cough 15, Cough 2, Rock Bunting 2.


I had decided to get to the Snowcocks via the shallow valley (site 3 in the gen) right in front of the ski centre. You can also take the track (site 4) which also leads up to the snowcocks. You can hire Ramasan (not Ramadan!) who lives in Demirkazik village to drive you up to the Snocock site on his tractor. He does that for app. 20-25$ pr. person.


Accommodation: I can not recommend to spent the night at the ski centre, it is expensive and they might try to rip you off. Ask for Ramasan, he lives a few hundred meters away from the ski centre in the village( you might see his tractor parked next to the house). I paid 3$ for a room inclusive dinner at the neighbour.


May 14: (misty→ sunny, little wind )


I woke up at 03:30 drove up to the ski centre and parked the car between the ski centre and the football pitch. Started walking at 04:00. Bring a torch, you have to pass some barbed wire in the beginning of the valley (I walked one third of the valley the day before). I strongly recommend not to do this climb/walk unless you are in very good physical shape but It is not dangerous to climb/walk the valley. After one hour and 15 minutes of almost constant climb I got to the top of the valley. I continued ahead on the plateau and hit the gravel road(on the plateau). Go left (North) and walk along the gravel road (on the plateau) for another 600-800m until you get to a watering trough. The vehicle track stops at the trough. You are now at the Snowcock site (they call frequently). Follow the path past the trough for another 300m  until you have a deep valley on your left hand and a very big isolated rock to the right. From this spot I saw 1 perched bird calling, 2 males flying and a pair which came down and landed only 50-75m away and started foraging. While enjoying the Snowcocks I was surrounded by Radde’s Accentors, Alpine Accentors, singing Wallcreeper, Crimson-winged Finch, Red-fronted Serins etc. etc. - a superb spot! Remember to bring warm clothing, it is very cold in the mountains before the sun rises over the mountaintops especially if you are soaking wet by sweat like I was. 


The Snowcocks can be frustratingly difficult so spot and I have heard of people who never saw them! A good technique is to scan the ridge of the mountains. They will stand out in silhouette.

I continued along the path over a ridge and into the gorge (site 2). An adult Lammergeier was soaring above my head.


Birds seen:


Lammergeir 1 ad., Tawny Eagle 1 imm., Kestrel 3, Peregrine 1, Caspian Snowcock 8♂♂ + 1♀, Chukar 2, Rock Dove 3, Scops Owl 2, Hoopoe 1, Horned Lark 1 pair, Cliff Swallow 1, House Martin 5, Water Pipit 2, Radde’s Accentor 5+, Alpine Accentor 5, Black Redstart common, Wheatear common, Rock Thrush 2♂♂, Lesser Whitethroat 8, Blackcap 3, Rock Nuthatch 4, Pied flycatcher 1♀, Alpine Cough common, Cough 2, Snow Finch 30+, Red-fronted Serin 14, Linnet 6, Crimson-winged Finch 1♂, Rock Bunting 18, Rock Sparrow 2, Wallcreeper 1 singing.



I had planned another day in the mountains but I had seen what I came for under perfect conditions. I decided it would be wise to have extra time to locate species such as Mongolian Trumpeter Finch and/or Demoiselle Crane etc. As a consequence I left the area and drove directly to Tuzla, Adana (site 3 in the gen). I slept in the car.






May 15 (sunny, little wind, 250C):


Tuzla (site 3 in the gen) 06.00-09:00


Little Egret 16, European Flamingo 115, White Pelican 16, Shelduck 1♀, Teal 1 pair, Black-winged Stilt 10, Avocet 1, Red-winged Pratincole 1, Kentish Plover app. 100, Spur-winged Plover 2, Sanderling 14, Little Stint 122, Dunlin 1, Broad-billed Sandpiper 38, Curlew Sandpiper 2, Ruff 5, Slender-billed Gull 3, Mediterranean Gull 1 imm., Great Black-backed Gull 1 ad. + 1imm., Sandwich Tern 5, Calandra Lark common, Short-toed Lark common.


Directions : in Tuzla you take the left-hand fork just before leaving the village. The road will take you past a military camp and right down to the sea. Between the military camp and the sea there are mudflats on both sides of the road. The right hand fork will take you to the western part of site 3.


“Tuzla creek” (site 4 in the gen) 09:30-11:00


Squacco Heron 4, Little Egret 3, Stork 1, Glossy Ibis 5, Little Bittern 1, Black-winged Stilt 17, Little Stint 1, Temminck’s Stint 2, Ruff 12, Black-tailed Godwit 12 2nd cal. + 1 ad., Greenshank 2, White-winged Black Tern 2, Graceful Warbler common, Great Reed Warbler 25, Spanish Sparrow abundant!, Red-rumped Swallow 1 pair at nest Tuzla-Adana.



The next destination was the raptor migration spot at Toprakkale but a hail storm was passing the area so I skipped the idea and drove to Isikli. The nature is beautiful at Isikli but this is no longer a hot spot for Red-tailed Wheatear! Despite intense search I was not able to locate one single bird. I know of at least 3 bird-teams who have dipped on Red-tailed Wheatear at this location.





Isikli (the Eastern gorge)16:00-18:00


Kestrel 1 pair, Rock Dove 2, Syrian Woodpecker 1, Upcher’s Warbler 1, Eastern Black-eared Wheatear app. 25, Rock Nuthatch 3, Eastern Rock Nuthatch 2, Pale Rock Sparrow 2,

Cinereous Bunting 3.


I drove to Ganziantep and had a nice meal at a restaurant. Drove back to Durnalik. I slept in the car.



May 16 (nice and sunny 20-250C)


Durnalic 05:45-14:00


Long-legged Buzzard 1, Steppe Buzzard (vulpinus) 1, Sparrow Hawk 1, Turtle Dove 1, Syrian Woodpecker 3, Bimaculated Lark 1, Eastern Black-eared Wheatear app. 35, White-throated Robin 6 ad. ♂♂ + 1 2nd cal., Upcher’s Warbler 20, Lesser White-throat 31, Garden Warbler 2,

Eastern Orphean Warbler 1-2,Yellow-vented Bulbul 4, Sombre Tit 5, Rock Nuthatch 7, Eastern Rock Nuthatch 6, Masked  Shrike 1♀, Pale Rock Sparrow 11, Scarlet Rosefinch 3, Linnet 7, Black-headed Bunting common, Cretschmar’s Bunting 5, Cinereous Bunting 19, Corn Bunting 1.


Durnalic is a wonderful location even though you probably won’t get the Red-tailed Wheatear. I would very much like to hear if anyone had luck with the Red-tailed Wheatear in 2001 at Durnalic or Isikli.


Note:  The two  races of Cinereous Bunting found in Turkey occur at Durnalic. I had singing males of  E. c. cineracea as well as E. c. seminowa. According to Birdwatching in Turkey the two races meet in the Isikli/Durnalic area.


I arrived at the tea-garden in Berecik at app. 16:30 and started searching for Bruce’s Scops Owl (BSO). I new it would be difficult because the famous café has been closed. A few men were in the café drinking tea but they told me that they had not seen the “bay-kus” (owl in Turkish) recently and they did not know where to find it anymore. I started the search in the park next to the café but some young boys were so fucking annoying so I had to leave the area!! I concentrated on the café but I was  not able to spot the owl. At dusk I saw a Scops Owl sp. flying  around above the trees in the café. The owl twice in flight uttered a high-pitched  squirrel like call of 3-5 vocals. The Scops Owl sp. flew into the park and probably landed in a tall tree in the vicinity of the café and near the road. When it got dark I heard two BSOs calling in the park right next to the café. The call is very weak and ventriloquist-like and you have to be at close range before you can hear it (traffic noise). The song / call is a repeated and soft voh  voh  voh  voh - not loud and clear like Scops Owl. I met Magnus Robb at the restaurant opposite the café. Later that evening he taped the song. 


The tea garden in Berecik  16:30-20:00


Bruce’s Scops Owl 2, Scops Owl 2, Long-eared Owl 1, Upcher’s Warbler 5.


I slept at the Merkalem Motel just West of the bridge that leads over Euphrates. Very noisy, can’t recommend that.


May 17 (nice and sunny 25-300C)


The wadi just North of the Ibis center, Berecik 05:30-08:00


Long-legged Buzzard 1, See-see Partridge 1♂ singing, Bald Ibis 1 Pair at nest (1 nestling) + 11 ad., Black-bellied Sandgrouse 4, Turtle Dove 2, Bimaculated Lark common,  Eastern Olivaceous Warbler 9, Menetriés’s Warbler 3♂♂ + 2 ♀♀, Lesser Grey Shrike 1, Woodchat Shrike 1♂, Pale Rock Sparrow 1, Dead Sea Sparrow quite common around the Ibis Center.


The See-See Partridge was seen app. 100 m into the wadi. It was sitting on top of a pile of rocks singing. The Bald Ibis at the nest was on the first high wall to the right when you entered the wadi.





Euphrates North of the Ibis Center 08:00-12:00


Night Heron 4, Marsh Harrier 1, Little Ringed Plover 3, Common Sandpiper 1, Slender-billed Gull 40, Common Tern 4, Woodpigeon 1, Bee-eater 12-15, Hoope 6, Pied Kingfisher 1 pair at nest, Syrian Woodpecker 1 + 1 Pair at nest, Little Swift 15 at the colony, Alpine Swift 2,

Nightingale 1, Rufous Bush Chat 7, Eastern Olivaceous Warbler common, Upcher’s Warbler 2, Menetriés’s Warbler 25+, Rose-coloured Starling 225+ (sitting in a small  leafless bush, what a view!!!), Dead Sea Sparrow fairly common in the orchards, Yellow-throated Sparrow 4.


The song of Yellow-throated Sparrow sounds very much like a soft House Sparrow. When exited it sounds almost identical to a singing Dead Sea Sparrow, I was fooled once.


The Euphrates river it self was a sad dejavu. Further up the river a huge dam has been build, part of a project which is going to support half of the country with electricity. This means that the small islands in the river is no longer there (in 1991 10 Black-bellied and 80 Pin-tailed Sandgrouses came down to drink every morning). All the scrub along the West side of the river has been removed and transformed into a big gravel area. It is now possible to drive alongside the river (app. 2 km) and check the Eastern side of the river.


Old sand “quarry” for Bee-eaters 12:00-12:45


Woodpigeon 3, Bee-eater 2, Blue-cheeked Bee-eater 2, Syrian Woodpecker 1, Oriole 1, Dead Sea Sparrow 4.


Directions: Take the first road immediately after the motel. Just opposite an old graveyard you see the old sand quarry as a fenced off area. There is no problems entering the area through the SW corner.


The Blue-cheeked Bee-eaters were very elusive during my stay at Berecik. Blue-cheeked Bee-eater has an even later arrival date than Olive-tree Warbler. It was only sometimes I found them in the old sand quarry perched in a Eucalyptus tree. They are easier located in June/July (a walk along the river July 9 1991 produced 30+ birds and they were easily seen at site 9 + 11).

Pay attention to the flight call : Like the call of a high speeded Bee-eater; prrri prrri prrri.


At a café along the river : 13:00-16:00


White-winged Black tern 1.   


The BSO café 16:00-18:30


Despite intense search Magnus Robb and I was not able to locate any BSOs. When it got dark we could hear them call. At dusk I saw presumable the same Scops Owl sp. flying above the trees in the café and uttering the high-pitched call like the evening before.


Bruce’s Scops Owl 2, Scops Owl 1♂ and 1 ♀ calling.




May 18 (nice and sunny 25-300C)



Motel Merkalem 05:45


Blue-cheeked Bee-eater 1 calling, flying over the motel.



The plateau at the Ibis Center (see the gen) 06:30 10:00


Long-legged Buzzard 3, Egyptian Vulture 1 imm., Kestrel 1♂, See-See Partridge 3, Desert Lark 1-2, Bimaculated Lark, Little Swift 3, Wood-chat Shrike 1♂, Lesser Grey shrike 1, Rose-coloured Starling 65, Pale Rock Sparrow 3.


There is only one way to find the best birds on the plateau : HARD WORK. Walk as far into the wadi as you can(when the wadi sort of fades out) and find a way up on the plateau. Walk back along the southern ridge of the wadi. The Desert Larks might be elusive as they seemed surprisingly shy and took flight silently.



Sand/gravel pits (site 11 in the gen) 11:00-1200:


Little Bittern 1♂ + 1♀, Little Ringed Plover 1-2 pairs, Pied Kingfisher 4, Bee-eater 12-15,

Desert Finch 4.


The Desert Finch is apparently scarce in May, this was the only four birds I saw on the hole trip(!).

Like typical finches the birds were foraging on tall herbs. Desert Finch is more easily found in June/July when they gather in family groups.



Old sand “quarry”


Blue-cheeked Bee-eater 1 perched.



BSO café 17:00:


Bruce’s Scops Owl 1 seen very well.


For the third time Magnus and I tried to locate the BSO and this time we succeeded! Suddenly Magnus said “Michael I have found it!”. The BSO was beautifully perched app. 5 meters above our heads. The bird was spotted above the latrine in the SE corner. God I was happy, thanks Magnus!


When it got dark we tried to locate some crakes at site 11. There was nothing but frogs. We  also tried to locate BSO at other sites but without luck.



May 19 (nice and sunny 25-300C)



Halfetti 08:30-14:00


Short-toed Eagle1, Bonelli’s Eagle 1 ad., Long-legged buzzard 2, Kestrel 2, Black Stork 1, See-See Partridge 1 singing, Little Swift 4, Alpine Swift 2, Red-rumped Swallow 10, Syrian Woodpecker 1, Nightingale 1, Blue Rock Thrush 1♂, Upcher’s Warbler 3, Eastern Olivaceous Warbler 5, Menetriés’s Warbler 4, Rock Nuthatch 1, Eastern Rock Nuthatch 1, Rock Sparrow quite common, Rose-coloured Starling 300+.


Because of the dam between Berecik and Halfetti half of the city is now under water! I saw the top of telegraph poles just above water level, the rest of that part of the city was below water level! This means that you can’t drive further North.


Halfetti – Berecik


Little Owl (lilith) 1.


Magnus had asked the man at the Ibis Center if the Eagle Owl was still to be found in the wadi. He said he had been searching for it several times and he thought the wadi has been abandoned. When it got dark we went into the wadi but didn’t hear any Desert Eagle Owl.





May 20 (nice and sunny 25-300C)


I left Berecik at 06:30


Berecik – Cisre


Rose-coloured Starling 95.


Cisre app. 10:45


Squacco Heron 1, Grey Heron 7, Red-wattled Plover 1, Red-winged Pratincole 2, Little Ringed Plover 2, Bee-eater app. 10.


I hit Cisre at app. 10:45 and was ready to locate Red-wattled Plover which took about 1 and a half  hour (it was standing on the other side of one of the islands; have patience!). The plover is only to be found on the gravel islands  some hundred meters to the south of the bridge. Be careful, birders have been refused to see the plovers even with police escort! There is a military tower opposite the gravel islands (Eastern side of the river)!    


Directions:  immediately after crossing the bridge there is a hotel on your right hand. Behind the hotel still along the river is a big gravel/sand pit, park the car at the office. Walk down the steep slope and down to the river (walk along the gravel/sand pit). Stop before you become visible from the tower. From here it is possible to see the Red-wattled Plover(s) but it won’t be at close range. When I came back, lunch was served by the workers in the pit! Nice people.


Note:  it is probably not possible to drive North from Cizre and directly to Tatvan at Lake Van. App. 15 km to the North of Cizre there was a military checkpoint. I was not allowed to continue because of potential PKK activity. Instead I had to drive about 100 km back towards Berecik then North via Diyarbakir(950) and then East (E99/360) to Bitlis (25 km SW of Tatvan). I was completely exhausted when I got to Bitlis. I found a hotel. That day I drove more than 850 km!


May 21 (nice and sunny)


Nemrut Dagi (the crater) 09:00-12:00


Ruddy Shelduck 1, Honey Buzzard 2, montaguz’ Harrier 1♂, Golden Eagle 1ad., Chucker 1, Cuckoo 2, Bimaculated Lark common, Short-toed Lark fairly common, Sky Lark common,  Horned Lark 50+, Radde’s’ Accentor 3, White-throated Robin 1♂ + 1♀, Black Redstart fairly common, Caspian Stonechat 3♂♂, Wheatear common, Isabelline Wheatear 10+, Finsche’s Wheatear 2♂♂, Rock thrush 4♂♂, Blue rock Thrush 1♂, Ortulan Bunting 7, Cretzschmar's Bunting 1, Black-headed Bunting common.


Only on the slopes to the South of the crater was Bimaculated Lark found. Unfortunately there were no Black Scoters  visible in the crater lake that day.


Note: According to A Birdwatcher’s Guide to Turkey you get into the crater by following the yellow tourist sign next to the petrol ofici garage. This is not possible anymore, I spent 3 frustrating hours trying to get into the crater before I was told by 3 different shepherds that the road has been closed.


Directions: immediately before (or after) the Tatvan - Bitlis - Mus junction there is a brown sign saying Nemrut 13. Take this road through the village Nemrut and after another 15 km along the road you will get directy into the crater – a fantastic landscape and a great view of Lake Van.


Note : there is two different places named Nemrut dagi; the crater and the mountains. I missed the Red-tailed Wheatear because I confused the two locations. The Red-tailed Wheatear was found at the Nemrut statuettes, the heads made of huge rocks (look in the Western part of these rocks), in the Nemrut Dagi mountains. I believe it is one of the most reliable places in Turkey for that species. 



South Van Marshes (site 2 & 1) 16:30-19:00


White Stork 1, Lesser Kestrel 3, Ruddy Shelduck 22, Shelduck 2, Red-crested Pochard 1 pair, Garganey 2 ♂♂, Coot 37, Little Ringed Plover 1, Kentish Plover 2, Lapwing 25, Black-winged Stilt 25, Avocet 7, Redshank app. 100, Wood Sandpiper 30, Marsh Sandpiper 1, Ruff 14, Little Stint 1, Mediterranean Gull 2 ad., Slender-billed Gull 15, Black-headed Gull 200+, Armenian Gull +, Sandwich Tern 2, Scops Owl 1 sing. At the castle, Alpine Swift 200+(above the castle), Citrine  Wagtail 4♂♂, 1♀, Black-headed Wagtail 30+, Paddyfield Warbler 3, Caspian Reed Warbler 2, Great Reed Warbler 8, Reed Bunting (thick-billed race) 2♂♂.


All the birds were seen from site 1.


I had no problems locating Citrine Wagtail and Paddyfield Warbler, they were singing in top of low reeds in front of me at close range.


I drove to Ercek Gölu (site 3 in the gen) and slept in the car.



May 22 (nice and sunny 20-250C)


Ercek Gölu (site 3 in the gen)  05:30-11:00


Black-necked Grebe 175, Cattle Egret 1, European Flamingo 525, Ruddy Shelduck 7, Shelduck 20, Garganey 1, Mallard 2, Goldeneye 1♂, Lapwing 15, Oystercatcher 1, Ringed Plover app. 25, Kentish Plover app. 75 + 2 pull., Avocet 33, Black-winged Stilt 19, Sanderling 9, Little Stint 36, Curlew Sandpiper 1, Ruff 3, Redshank 80, Terek Sandpiper 1, Wood Sandpiper 1, Red-necked Phalarope 1♂, Amenian Gull +, White-winged Black Tern 1 2K + 1 ad., Black-bellied Sandgrouse 33, Hoopoe 2, Lesser Shot-toed Lark 25+, Calandra Lark 5+, Black-headed Wagtail 10, Corn Bunting 1.


All the birds were found along the Western Shoreline. About eight o’clock the Sandgrouses left the area, frequently calling, in small flocks of 4 birds. I was surprised to find Goldeneye!


Water hole 11:15-12:00


Little Grebe (carpensis) 15, Pochard 1 pair, White-headed Duck 13 pairs, Moustached Warbler 1, Crimson-winged Finch 2 flying over.


The water hole was situated in the very SW corner of the lake immediately South of the road Van-Özalp. Water from the hole was taken by a pump to sprinkle the fields.


I drove back to South Van Marshes (site 1) and relaxed at site 2. Same birds as the day before.


Bendimahi Marshes 16:30-19:15


All birds seen from the bridge.


Little Grebe (carpensis) 5, Black-necked Grebe 1, Great Crested Grebe 4, Squacco Heron 18, Purple Heron 6, Grey Heron 3, Shoveler 1 pair, Garganey 2♂♂, Ruddy Shelduck 3, Pochard 12-15, Marsh Harrier 1, Moorhen 6, Spotted Crake 1 seen very well, Little Ringed Plover 2, Redshank 38, Wood Sandpiper 26, Common Sandpiper 2, Green Sandpiper 4, Black-winged Stilt 5, Broad-billed Sandpiper 26, Little Stint 10, White-winged Black Tern 20, Black Tern 7, Lesser Black-backed Gull 1 ad., Kingfisher 1♀, Hoopoe 2, Red-throated Pipit 1ad (♂), Citrine Wagtail 1ad♂ + 1ad♀, Black-headed Wagtail app. 25, Yellow Wagtail race beema 1♂, Bearded Tit 8, lots of Starlings going to roost, ´Thick-billed ´ Reed Bunting 2♀♀.


Because I had a little fever I left the area, drove to Erciş and found a nice hotel. The Bendimahi Marshes area looks very promising for crakes but I did not have the energy to do a thorough search.


May 23 (nice and sunny)


 Bendimahi Marshes  07:15-09:00


Little Grebe 5, Black-necked Grebe 1, Great Crested Grebe 4, Squacco Heron app. 5, Little Bittern 1♂, Purple Heron 2, Grey Heron 1, Shoveler 1 pair, Garganey 2♂♂, Red-crested Pochard 3♂♂ +1♀, Ruddy Shelduck 2, Pochard 40, Marsh Harrier 3, Spotted Crake 2 seen, Moorhen 8, Little Ringed Plover 2, Lapwing 6, Little Stint 6, Broad-billed Sandpiper 11, Redshank 30, Wood Sandpiper 12, Ruff 5, Black-winged Stilt 5, Little Tern 4, White-winged Black Tern 2, Black Tern 9, Moustached Warbler 1, Sedge Warbler 3, Caspian Reed Warbler 5, Paddyfield Warbler 1 singing, Great Reed Warbler common, ´Thick-billed´ Reed Bunting 2 ♂♂.


Selale Waterfall  09:45-12:00


Long-legged Buzzard 1, Steppe Buzzard 1, Buzzard sp. 2, Lesser Kestrel 1♂, Dipper 1, Crag Martin 3, Penduline Tit 1, Rock Nuthatch 1 + 1 pair at nest, Lesser Grey Shrike 3, Common Rose Finch 1.


I certainly can’t recommend to eat at the restaurant, they will rip you off!!!


Ishak Paşa palace 15:30-18:00


Long-legged Buzzard 2, Chukar 1, Isabelline Wheatear 5, Blue Rock Thrush 1♂, Rock Thrush 1♂, Rock Sparrow common, Red-fronted Serin 1, Mongolian Trumpeter Finch 2♂♂ + 1♀.


I was very tired because I still had some fever so I did not look forward to the tough climb in search for Mongolian Trumpeter Finch. I decided to find some slopes which were particularly favoured by Red-fronted Serins: stony slopes with  short grass and herbs and small flowers (in the vicinity of water). I walked app. 1000m to the SE along a road which didn’t produce any MTF. I didn’t have the energy  to climb the mountains so I returned to the palace. I had parked the car next to the entrance to the castle, then I walked 100m down the road (I had the palace on my right hand). To the right along the road was an area that I found suitable for MTF so I decided to wait and see (to the left it was rocky and you could see a restaurant further op ). After a couple of minutes I heard the calls from three birds that definitely was the calls of MTF, the birds flew over my head and landed some 30 m away and began foraging. I photographed the birds and enjoined them for about 20 minutes before they flew S (from where they came from). I drove back and relaxed at a hotel in Doğubayazit. I felt lucky. 



May 24



Ishak Paşa palace (sunny and no wind then cloudy/rainy and windy) 08:00-10:00


Long-legged Buzzard 2, Chukar 1, Hoopoe 2, Alpine Swift 1, Horned Lark 4 singing, Black Redstart app. 10, Isabelline Wheatear 4 + 1 pair with 2 juv., Whitethroat 3, Rock Nuthatch 2, Red-fronted Serin 10, Twite (brevirostris) 8, Linnet (bella) app. 20, Crimson-winged Finch 2, Snow Finch 1, Alpine Cough 5, Grey-necked Bunting 3.






From the palace I walked East along the road app. 1000m past another ancient house, from here I walked S/SE up in the mountains, there is some green slopes very suitable for finches. The grey-necked Buntings where sitting in the low vegetation singing (a very monotone song). For the first time I experienced rain while birding and I decided to leave the area as heavy rain was about to come. I drove directly to Yoncali, Bulanik.


Yoncali, Bulanik 15:30-19:00


Squacco Heron 2, Grey Heron 5, Spoonbill 3, Montague’s Harrier 2♂♂, Marsh Harrier 5, Kestrel 2, Demoiselle Crane 1, Great Bustard 1♀/imm♂, Green Sandpiper 1, Black-headed Gull 1 2K, Gull-billed Tern app. 100, Little Owl (lillith), Lesser Short-toed Lark app. 25, Calandra Lark 5, Roller 10, Hoopoe 5.


You probably better hurry if you want to see Demoiselle Crane at Bulanik because human activity has apparently increased dramatically at Bulanik in recent years. There was a high level of activity from people  working in the fields, tractors were driving everywhere and even on the islands in the river was people cultivating the area. I decided to wait until all farmers had left the area and taken the cattle with them, which happened at about 17:00 o’clock. I saw the Great Bustard standing on the plain app. 1000m to the East between Yoncali and the river. I saw the Demoiselle Crane some 2 km. further ahead (East) along the river foraging on a field near the riverbed. I walked back to the car (30-45min walk) and drove to Bulanik. There is apparently only one hotel in Bulanik and the owner was not particularly friendly.


Note: it might be better to park the car when you have past the village and then walk the rest of the way down to the river. The track down to the river had become so deep that it was completely impossible to drive on unless you had a tractor. I got a lift by a tractor.



May 25 (nice and sunny )


Rustemgestik app. 7 km. East of Bulanik along road 280, 07:30-09:30


Spoonbill 4, Montague’s Harrier 1pair, Kestrel 1, Hobby 2, Demoiselle Crane 2, Quail 1, Red-throated Pipit 2, Tawny Pipit 1, Rose-coloured Starling 35.


The Demoiselle Cranes were heard and seen foraging near the river a little East of Rustemgestik. The stretch along road 280 provides good opportunities to scan the area along the river. I wonder where the Common Cranes Were!? According to ICBP the total population of Common Crane in the area is thought to be app. 10 pairs. Despite searching app. 35 km along road 280 I didn’t see one single bird.



Bulanik – Gelinkaya


Long-legged Buzzard 1, Roller 10, Bee-eater 25, Blue Rock Thrush 1♂, Rock Thrush 2♂♂ + 1♀, Caspian Stonechat 1♂, Rose-coloured Starling 35.



Gelinkaya 16:00-


Chukar 1 heard, Nightjar 1singing, Syrian Woodpecker 1, Nightingale 1, Marsh Warbler 6, Cetti’s Warbler 7, Mountain Chiffchaff 12-15, Penduline Tit 8, Alpine Cough 2, Scarlet Rose Finch 25+, Ortolan Bunting 1.


Despite intense search I was not able to locate any Semi-collared Flycatcher. I slept in the car (it gets very cold in the mountains - below zero).



May 26 (nice and sunny)


Gelinkaya 06:00-07:45


Common Sandpiper 2, Green Woodpecker 1♂ + 1♀, Dipper 1, (Cetti’s Warbler, Marsh Warbler, Mountain Chiffchaff and Scarlet Rose Finch all common).




Gelinkaya – Ispir


Semi-collared Flycatcher 1♀ in a garden.



Gorge 6 km East of Ispir 09:00-13:00


Griffon Vulture 12-15, Egyptian Vulture 1 ad., Lammergeier 1 ad., Imperial Eagle 1ad., Golden Eagle 1 subad., Booted Eagle 1 dark, Long-legged Buzzard 5, Honey Buzzard 1, Goshawk 1, Alpine Swift common, Crag Martin common, Robin 1, Eastern Olivaceous Warbler 2, Oriole 1.


Directions : A Birdwatcher’s Guide to Turkey.



Sivrikaya 15:00-


Long-legged Buzzard 3, Hobby 1, Caucasian Black Cock 10♂♂, Great Spotted Woodpecker 1♂, Horned Lark 1, Water Pipit 10, Whinchat 2, Robin 3, Green Warbler 4, Crossbill 3, Scarlet Rose Finch 6, Bullfinch 2.


I slept in the car where the gravel road started.


Directions:  a good direction is given in Andreas Bruun Kristensen: Birdwatching in Turkey, June 5-20, 1999 (trip report in English).




May 27 (nice and sunne → cloudy)


Sivrikaya 05:30-10:00


Long-legged Buzzard 1, Caucasian Black Cock 11♂♂ + 1♀, Grey Wagtail 5, Redstart (samaisicus) 1 singing, Whinchat 3, Stonechat 1♂, Alpine Accentor 8 (a pair was seen pairing), Dunnock app. 10, Ring Ouzel 1♂, Mountain Chiffchaff 4, Green Warbler 2, Scarlet Rose Finch common ( a yellow-orange individual was seen), Rock Bunting 1♂.


The Green Warblers are quite easy to find in suitable areas following the gen.


I drove directly to the Sumela monastery via Trabson. Heavy rain poured down(because of the altitude only above the monastery!)  and made birding impossible, so I decided to leave the area and drove to Sivas, found a nice hotel. In this part of the country the small winding roads are still very bad (gravel and big pot holes).



May 28 (nice and sunny) 



Sivas – Sultan Marshes


Black Kite 1, Lesser Kestrel 3, Long-legged Buzzard 2, Laughing Dove 1 in Sivas(!).



Sultan Marshes (site 1, 2 & 3) 11:00-19:30


Red-necked Grebe 1pair, Pygmy Cormorant app. 200, Bittern 1 heard, Squacco Heron +, Lesser Egret +, Great White Egret 2, Purple Heron +, European Flamingo 5, White Pelican 1ad., White Stork 125, Marsh Harrier app. 25, Hobby 2, Spoonbill 7, Cattle Egret 6, Pintail 1♂, Marbled Duck 6, Red-crested Pochard common, Red-winged Pratincole 2, Black-winged Stilt 25, Great Snipe 2, Syrian Woodpecker 1, Calandra Lark common, Asian Lesser Short-toed Lark app. 25-30, Reed Bunting 2♂♂.      


I drove to Yeşilhisar and slept at the hotel (to the right on the main road when driving North).

 Scops Owl 1 pair calling.


May 29 (nice and sunny)


Sultan Marshes (site 6 & 7) 08:00-09:30


Most important birds were


Little Grebe 2, Pygmy Cormorant +, Great White Egret 1, Fan-tailed Warbler 2, Moustached Warbler 1.




I had planned to visit Ģöl Gölü (site 8) but I had seen enough and wanted a relaxing drive back to Akseki. I was later to regret that decision. When I got back to Denmark Magnus Robb had left a message on my mobile telephone. He told me that at least 20 Greater Sand Plovers were to be seen at Ģöl gölü!


I slept at the Star Hotel in Akseki.



May 30 (nice and sunny)


Akseki (site 1, 2, 3 & 4) 06:00-14:00


Most important birds:


Roller 1, Green Woodpecker 3, Middle-spotted Woodpecker 4, Redstart 1♂ singing, Rüppell’s Warbler 3♂♂,Eastern Orphean Warbler 1 call., Olive-tree Warbler 1, Krüper’s Nuthatch app. 15, Masked Shrike 3, Crossbill.


I arrived at Antalya Airport at 17:00 and returned the Fiat 121. I had had no problems at all with the car.


Birds seen on the trip. Non-nominate races are mentioned in italics. 


  1. Little Grebe  T. r. rufiollis (Sultan Marshes)

Little Grebe  T. r. capensis (Bendimahi Marshes, Ercek Gölü)

  1. Black-necked Grebe (Ercek Gölü, Bendimahi Marshes)
  2. Red-necked Grebe (Sultan Marshes)
  3. Great Crested Grebe
  4. Cormorant  P. c. sinensis  (Trabzon)
  5. Shag  P. a. desmarestii (Tekesi, 98 km W of Tasucu)
  6. Pygmy Cormorant (Sultan Marshes)
  7. White Pelican  (Tarsus delta, Sultan Marshes)
  8. Bittern  (Sultan Marshes)
  9. Little Bittern  (Akgöl Gölü, Göksu river, Tuzla creek, Berecik)
  10. Night Heron  (Akgöl Gölü)
  11. Squacco Heron  (Akgöl Gölü, Bendimahi Marshes, Sultan Marshes)
  12. Cattle Egret  (Sultan Marshes)
  13. Little Egret  (common in wetlands)
  14. Great White Egret  (Sultan Marshes)
  15. Grey Heron
  16. Purple Heron (Akgöl Gölü, Bendimahi Marshes, Sultan Marshes)
  17. Black Stork  (Akgöl Gölü, Halfetti)
  18. White Stork  (Akgöl Gölü, open country and villages throughout)
  19. Glossy Ibis  (Akgöl Gölü)
  20. Bald Ibis  (Berecik)
  21. Spoonbill  (Akgöl Gölü, Bulanik)
  22. European Flamingo  (Akgöl Gölü, Ercek)
  23. Mute Swan  (Akgöl Gölü)
  24. Greylag Goose  A. a. rubrirostris  (Akgöl Gölü)
  25. Ruddy Shelduck (common in wetlands)
  26. Shelduck 
  27. Gadwall
  28. Teal
  29. Mallard
  30. Pintail
  31. Garganey
  32. Shoveler
  33. Marbled Duck  (Akgöl Gölü, Sultan Marshes)
  34. Red-crested Pochard  (South Van Marshes, Bendimahi Marshes, Sultan Marshes)
  35. Pochard
  36. Ferruginous Duck  (Akgöl Gölü)
  37. Goldeneye  (Ercek Gölü)
  38. White-headed Duck  (Ercek Gölü)
  39. Honey Buzzard
  40. Black Kite  (Cizre – Bitlis, Sivas – Sultan Marshes)
  41. Lammergeier  (Aladag Mountains, Ispir)
  42. Egyptian Vulture  (Berecik, Ispir)
  43. Griffon Vulture  (Ispir)
  44. Short-toed Eagle  (Akgöl Gölü, Halfetti)
  45. Marsh Harrier
  46. Montagu’s Harrier  (Bulanik)
  47. Goshawk  (Ispir)
  48. Sparrow Hawk
  49. Steppe Buzzard
  50. Long-legged Buzzard  (fairly common throughout)
  51. Imperial Eagle  (Ispir)
  52. Golden Eagle  (Aladag Mountains, Ispir)
  53. Booted Eagle (Ispir)
  54. Bonelli’s Eagle  (Halfetti)
  55. Lesser Kestrel  (Akseki, South Van Marshes, Selale Waterfall, Sivas – Sultan Marshes)
  56. Kestrel
  57. Hobby  (Rustemgestik(Bulanik), Sivrikaya, Sultan Marshes)
  58. Peregrine  (Akgöl Gölü, Tasucu graveyard)
  59. Caucasian Black Grouse  (Sivrikaya)
  60. Caspian Snowcock  (Aladag Mountains)
  61. Chukar  (Aladag Mountains, Isak Pasha, Gelinkaya)
  62. See-see Partridge  (Berecik, Halfetti)
  63. Black Francolin  (Akgöl Gölü)
  64. Quail  (Bulanik)
  65. Spotted Crake  (Bendimahi Marshes)
  66. Baillon’s Crake  (Akgöl Gölü)
  67. Moorhen
  68. Grey-headed Gallinule  p. p. caspius  (Akgöl Gölü)
  69. Coot
  70. Demoiselle Crane  (Bulanik at Yoncali and Rustemgestik)
  71. Great Bustard  (Bulanik af Yoncali)
  72. Oystercatcher  h. o. longipes  (Akgöl Gölü, South Van Marshes)
  73. Black-winged Stint  (common in salty wet areas)
  74. Avocet
  75. Red-winged Pratincole  (Akgöl Gölü, Cizre, Sultan Marshes)
  76. Little Ringed Plover
  77. Ringed Plover
  78. Kentish Plover
  79. Greater Sand Plover  C. l. columbinus  (Akgöl Gölü, South Van Marshes (Ģöl Gölü))
  80. Grey Plover
  81. Spur-winged Plover  (Akgöl Gölü, Tuzla)
  82. Red-wattled Plover  (Cizre)
  83. Lapwing
  84. Sanderling
  85. Little Stint
  86. Temminck’s Stint  (Tuzla creek)
  87. Curlew Sandpiper
  88. Dunlin
  89. Broad-billed Sandpiper  (Goksu delta, Tuzla, Bendimahi Marshes)
  90. Ruff
  91. Great Snipe  (Sultan Marshes)
  92. Black-tailed Godwit
  93. Curlew
  94. Redshank
  95. Marsh Sandpiper  (south Van Marshes)
  96. Greenshank
  97. Green Sandpiper
  98. Wood Sandpiper  (Bendimahi Marshes, Bulanik: Yoncali)

    100.  Terek Sandpiper  (Ercek Gölü)

    100.  Common Sandpiper

101.  Turnstone

102.  Red-necked Phalarope  (Ercek Gölü)

103.  Mediterranean Gull  (South Van Marshes)

104.  Little Gull  (Goksu delta)

105.  Black-headed Gull

106.  Slender-billed Gull  (Akgöl Gölü, Berecik, South Van Marshes)

107.  Lesser Black-backed Gull  (Bendimahi Marshes)

108.  Great Black-backed Gull  (Tuzla)

109.  Caspian Gull

  Yellow-legged Gull

110.  Armenian Gull  (common in Eastern Turkey)

111.  Gull-billed Tern  (Bulanik: Yoncali)

112.  Sandwich Tern  (Goksu delta)

113.  Common Tern

114.  Little Tern

115.  Whiskered Tern  (Goksu delta)

116.  White-winged Black Tern  (Goksu delta, Berecik, South Van Marshes, Ercek, Bendimahi)

117.  Black Tern  (Bendimahi Marshes)

118.  Black-bellied Sandgrouse  (Berecik, Ercek)

119.  Rock Dove

120.  Woodpigeon  C. p. palumbus  (Berecik)

121.  Collared Dove

122.  Turtle Dove  (fairly common throughout)

123.  laughing Dove  (Sivas)

124.  Cuckoo

125.  Striated Scops Owl  O. b. exiguus  (Berecik)

126.  Scops Owl  O. s. turanicus  (Akseki, Aladag Mountains, Berecik, South Van Marshes etc.)

127.  Little Owl  A. n. lilith  (Bulanik: yoncali, Halfeti)

128.  Tawny Owl  (Akseki)

129.  Long-eared Owl  (Berecik)

130.  Nightjar  (Gelinkaya)

131.  Swift

132.  Alpine Swift

133.  Little Swift  (Berecik, Halfeti)

134.  White-breasted Kingfisher  (Goksu river 4 km E of silifke)

135.  Kingfisher  (Bendimahi Marshes)

136.  Pied Kingfisher  (Berecik)

137.  Blue-cheeked Bee-eater  (Berecik)

138.  Bee-eater

139.  Roller

140.  Hoopoe

141.  Grey-headed Woodpecker  (Akseki)

142.  Green Woodpecker  (Gelinkaya, Akseki)

143.  Great Spotted Woodpecker  D. m. pinetorus  (Sivrikaya, Akseki)

144.  Middle Spotted Woodpecker  D. m. anatoliae  (Akseki)

145.  Syrian Woodpecker  (fairly common in suitable areas)

146.  White-backed Woodpecker  D. l. lilfordi  (Akseki)

147.  Lesser Spotted Woodpecker  D. m. danfordi  (Akseki)

148.  Desert Lark  A. d. (coxi/annae)  (Berecik)

149.  Calandra Lark  (common in suitable areas)

150.  Bimaculated Lark  ( Durnalik, Berecik, Nemrut Dagi)

151.  Short-toed Lark  (fairly common)

152.  Lesser Short-toed Lark  (Ercek, Bulanik)

153.  Asian Lesser Short-toed Lark  (Sultan Marshes)

154.  Crested Lark  (common)

155.  Wood Lark  L. a. pallida  (Akseki,

156.  Skylark  A. a. armenicus  (Nemrut dagi)

  Skylark  A. a. cantarella  (Sultan Marshes)

157.  Shore Lark  A. a. penicillata  (Nemrut Dagi, Ishak Paşa, Sivrikaya)

  Shore Lark  A. a. balcanica  (Aladag Mountains)

158.  Sand Martin

159.  Crag Martin  (Aladag Mountains, Selale Waterfall, Ispir)

160.  Swallow

161.  Red-rumped Swallow  (Goksu delta, Tuzla, Halfeti)

162.  House Martin

163.  Tawny Pipit  (Bulanik)

164.  Tree Pipit

165.  Red-throated Pipit  (Bendimahi Marshes, Bulanik)

166.  Water Pipit  A. s. coutellii  (Aladag Mountains, Sivrikaya)

167.  Yellow Wagtail  M. f. feldegg  (common in wetlands)

         Yellow Wagtail  M. f. beema  (Bendimahi Marshes)

168.  Citrine Wagtail  M. c. werae  (South Van Marshes, Bendimahi Marshes)

169.  Grey Wagtail  (Sivrikaya)

170.  Pied Wagtail  M. a. alba

  Pied Wagtail  M. a. dukhunensis  (Eastern Turkey)

171.  Yellow-vented Bulbul  (Goksu delta, Durnalik, Berecik, Halfeti)

172.  Dipper  C. c. aquaticus  (Selale Waterfall, Gelinkaya)

173.  Wren  T. t. Cypriotos

174.  Dunnock  P. m. obscura

175.  Radde’s Accentor  (Aladag Mountains, Nemrut Dagi)

176.  Alpine  Accentor  P. c. montana  (Aladag Mountains, Sivrikaya)

177.  Rufous Bush Chat  C. g. syriacus  (Goksu delta, Berecik)

178.  Robin  E. r. caucasius  (Ispir, Sivrikaya)

179.  Thrush Nightingale  L. l. africana  (Goksu river(Silifke), Berecik, Gelinkaya)

180.  White-throated Robin  (Durnalik, Nemrut Dagi)

181.  Black Redstart  P. o. ochruros  (abundant in mountainous areas)

182.  Redstart  P. p. samamiricus  (Akseki, Sivrikaya)

183.  Whinchat  (Sivrikaya)

184.  Stonechat  S. t. rubicola  (Sivrikaya)

  Caspian Stonechat  S. (t.) armenicus  (Nemrut Dagi, Sumela monastery – Sivas)

185.  Isabelline Wheatear  (fairly common)

186.  Wheatear  O. o. libanotica  (common)

187.  Eastern Black-eared Wheatear  O. h. melanoleuca  (common)

188.  Finsch’s Wheatear  O. f. barnesi  (Nemrut Dagi)

189.  Rock Thrush  (Aladag Mountains, Nemrut Dagi, Bulanik – Gelinkaya)

190.  Blue Rock Thrush  (Akseki, Halfeti,  Nemrut Dagi, Ishak Pasha, Bulanik – Gelinkaya)

191.  Ring Ouzel  T. t. Amicorum  (Sivrikaya)

192.  Blackbird  T. m. sp. syriacus

193.  Song Thrush

194.  Mistle Thrush 

195.  Cetti’s Warbler  C. c. orientalis  (Gelinkaya, Goksu river (Silifke))

196.  Fan-tailed Warbler  (South Van Marshes)

197.  Graceful Warbler  P. g. akyildizi  (Goksu delta, Tuzla Creek)

198.  Savi’s Warbler  L. l. fusca  (Akgöl Gölü)

199.  River Warbler  (Akgöl Gölü)

200.  Moustached Warbler  A. m. mimicus  (Akgöl Gölü, Ercek, Bendimahi Marshes, Sultan M.)

201.  Sedge Warbler  (Bendimahi Marshes)

202.  Paddyfield Warbler  A. a. capistriata  (South Van Marshes, Bendimahi Marshes)

203.  Marsh Warbler  (Gelinkaya)

204.  Caspian Reed Warbler  A. s. fuscus  (common)

205.  Great Reed Warbler  (common)

206.  Eastern Olivaceous Warbler  (common)

207.  Upcher’s Warbler  (Islik, Durnalik, Berecik, Halfeti)

208.  Olive-tree Warbler  (Akseki)

209.  Ménétries Warbler S. m. Rubescens  (Berecik, Halfeti)

210.  Rüppell’s Warbler  (Akseki)

211.  Eastern Orphean Warbler  S. h. crassirostris  (Akseki, Durnalik)

212.  Lesser Whitethroat  (especially Durnalik and Akseki)

213.  Whitethroat  (Ishak Paşa)

214.  Garden Warbler  (Durnalik)

215.  Blackcap  S. a. dammholzi  (Aladag Mountains)

216.  Green Warbler  P. t. nitidus  (Sivrikaya)

217.  Eastern Bonelli’s Warbler  (Akgöl Gölü, Akseki)

218.  Mountain Chiffchaff  (Gelinkaya, Sivrikaya)

219.  Willow Warbler  (Akseki)

220.  Goldcrest

221.  Spotted Flycatcher  M. s. neumanni  (Akseki, Goksu delta)

222.  Semi-collared flycatcher  (Akseki, Gelinkaya – Ispir)

223.  Pied flycatcher  (Akseki, Aladag Mountains)

224.  Bearded Tit  P. b. rossicus  (Akgöl Gölu)

225.  Long-tailed Tit  A. c. tephronotos  (Akseki)

226.  Sombre Tit  P. l. anatoliae  (Akseki, Durnalik)

227.  Coal Tit

228.  Blue Tit

229.  Great Tit

230.  Krüper’s Nuthatch  (Akseki)

231.  Nuthatch  S. e. levantina  (Akseki)

232.  Rock Nuthatch  (Akseki, Isikli, Durnalik, Aladag Mountains, Selale Waterfall etc.)

233.  Eastern Rock Nuthatch  (Isikli, Durnalik, Halfeti)

234.  Wallcreeper  (Aladag Mountains)

235.  Short-toed Treecreeper  C. b. harterti  (Akseki)

236.  Penduline Tit  R. p. menzbieri  (Selale Waterfall, Gelinkaya)

237.  Oriole  (fairly common)

238.  Red-backed Shrike  (Akseki, Goksu delta, Berecik)

239.  Lesser Grey Shrike  (Akseki, Goksu delta, Berecik, Selale Waterfall)

240.  Woodchat Shrike  (Goksu delta, Berecik)

241.  Masked Shrike  (Akseki, Durnalik)

242.  Jay  G. g. sp. atricapillus  (Akseki)

243.  Magpie  (especially common around lake Van)

244.  Alpine Cough  (Aladag Mountain, Ishak Paşa)

245.  Cough  P. p. docilus  (Aladag Mountains)

246.  Jackdaw  C. m. soemmerriingii

247.  Rook 

248.  Crow  C. c. sardonius

249.  Raven  C. c. laurecei/subcorax  (Goksu delta)

250.  Starling  S. v. tauricus

251.  Rose-coloured Starling  (Berecik, Halfeti, Berecik – Cizre, Bulanik, Bulanik – Gelinkaya)

252.  House Sparrow   

253.  Spanish Sparrow  (Goksu delta, Tuzla creek)

254.  Tree Sparrow  (Ispir)

255.  Dead Sea Sparrow  (Berecik)

256.  Yellow-throated Sparrow  (Berecik)

257.  Pale Rock Sparrow  (Durnalik, Berecik)

258.  Rock Sparrow (Aladag Mountains, Halfeti, Ishak Paşa)

259.  Snow Finch  M. n. nivalis  (Aladag Mountains)

  Snow Finch  M. n. alpicola  (Ishak Paşa)

260.  Chaffinch  F. c. sp.

261.  Red-fronted Serin  (Aladag Mountains, Ishak Paşa)

262.  Serin  (fairly common)

263.  Grønirisk  C. c. aurantiiventris

264.  Goldfinch  C. c. sp.

265.  Sisken  (Sivrikaya)

266.  Linnet  C. c. bella

267.  Twite  C. f. brevirostris  (Ishak Paşa)

268.  Crossbill  L. c. guillemardi  (Akseki, Sivrikaya)

269.  Crimson-winged Finch  (Aladag Mountains, Ercek, Ishak Paşa)

270.  Desert Finch  (Berecik)

271.  Mongolian Trumpeter Finch  (Ishak Paşa palace)

273.  Scarlet Rose Finch  C. e. cubanensis (Durnalik, Gelinkaya, Sivrikaya)

274.  Bullfinch  (Sivrikaya)

275.  Rock Bunting  E. c. cia  (Aladag Mountains,

  Rock Bunting  E. c. prageri  (Sivrikaya)

276.  Cinereous Bunting  E. c. cineracea  (Durnalik, Isikli)

  Cinereous Bunting  E. c.semenowi  (Durnalik)

277.  Ortolan Bunting  (Nemrut Dagi, Gelinkaya)

278.  Grey-necked Bunting  E. b. cerrutii  (Ishak Paşa)

279.  Cretschmar’s Bunting  (Akseki, Durnalik, Nemrut Dagi)

280   Reed Bunting  E. s. sp. pyrrhuloides  (Sultan Marshes)

 ‘Thick-billed’ Reed Bunting  E. s. canetti  (South Van Marshes, Bendimahi Marshes)

281.  Black-headed Bunting  (fairly common)

282.  Corn Bunting  (fairly common)